Ancient Philosophy and Mathematics

Plato and Aristotle.

This image is a detail of The School of Athens, a fresco by Raphael. Plato can be seen on the left, and Aristotle is to the right of him. This image is in the public domain.


MIT Course Number


As Taught In

Fall 2009



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Course Features

Course Description

Western philosophy and theoretical mathematics were born together, and the cross-fertilization of ideas in the two disciplines was continuously acknowledged throughout antiquity. In this course, we read works of ancient Greek philosophy and mathematics, and investigate the way in which ideas of definition, reason, argument and proof, rationality and irrationality, number, quality and quantity, truth, and even the idea of an idea were shaped by the interplay of philosophic and mathematical inquiry.

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Lee Perlman. ES.2H3 Ancient Philosophy and Mathematics, Fall 2009. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology: MIT OpenCourseWare), (Accessed). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA

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